BMX Types

There’s more than one type of BMX, so here’s a list of the various disciplines from around the bmx planet .

The Race

This is the first discipline of the BMX. Originally, the BMX was developed by motorcycle pilots in California who wanted to design a craft for their children, allowing them to acquire the technical bases and this without danger. The race takes place on a track 270 to 400 meters with obstacles: double bumps, tables that the drivers must cross as quickly as possible. Eight pilots placed on the starting grid and rushed for one lap. The first 4 can access the next round and so on until the final. The effort is violent (30 to 40 seconds) and the strong sensations that this practice provides are particularly sought after by the participants. A good Race Driver must have the following qualities: explosive strength, motor coordination, high technical skills, A good tactical mind and a sense of the race. The steering must be fluid so as to lose as little speed as possible in turns and obstacles. It is necessary to “wind up” to the maximum. From the point of view of the equipment, the pilots must wear a full helmet, a pair of gloves, a pair of trousers and a bike-cross type jersey. The frames of these specific bikes are short and very nervous, either made of aluminum or composite materials. They have only one development and are equipped with a brake exclusively on the rear wheel. Tests are organized throughout the territory at the departmental, regional and national level as well as some international events each year. France is also regularly organizer of the European Championships (2000/2003/2005) and the World Championships (1990/1999/2005) The steering must be fluid so as to lose as little speed as possible in turns and obstacles. It is necessary to “wind up” to the maximum. From the point of view of the equipment, the pilots must wear a full helmet, a pair of gloves, a pair of trousers and a bike-cross type jersey. The frames of these specific bikes are short and very nervous, either made of aluminum or composite materials. They have only one development and are equipped with a brake exclusively on the rear wheel. Tests are organized throughout the territory at the departmental, regional and national level as well as some international events each year. France is also regularly organizer of the European Championships (2000/2003/2005) and the World Championships (1990/1999/2005) The steering must be fluid so as to lose as little speed as possible in turns and obstacles. It is necessary to “wind up” to the maximum. From the point of view of the equipment, the pilots must wear a full helmet, a pair of gloves, a pair of trousers and a bike-cross type jersey. The frames of these specific bikes are short and very nervous, either made of aluminum or composite materials. They have only one development and are equipped with a brake exclusively on the rear wheel. Tests are organized throughout the territory at the departmental, regional and national level as well as some international events each year. France is also regularly organizer of the European Championships (2000/2003/2005) and the World Championships (1990/1999/2005)

The Dirt

The Dirt was among the first waves of freestyle. Some practitioners of the Race, tired of running after, preferred to make figures. These pilots then decided to build their own bumps in order to place more aerial figures. The Dirt is declining with the increase in the number of bumps to cross: the Trail, whose goal was just to pass all the bumps and chain them with the most style possible, develops. The Trail consists of the chain of bumps and the Dirt is to make a figure on each jump. As far as equipment is concerned, the bicycle must have a very strong frame, brakes and pegs are not mandatory. The wheel part must also be very strong to cash in the receptions, the tires, big section also allow to dampen the receptions.

The Flat

The flat was born at the beginning of the 80s. At the beginning, it was only a few balances at the stop the 2 wheels placed on the ground or while rolling standing on the handlebars, the frame or other. Then came the pegs, these cylindrical foot rests located at the back of the bike and on the top of the fork at the front. A large number of figures were then created: rebounds, rotations … These figures led to the creation of an important repertoire of figures: Death truck, caboose, Funky Chiken, Hang five … and others with names With strong US sound. In the flat, the figures are always with at least one wheel placed on the ground, turning or straight on a perfectly flat ground and of sufficient size. Balance, and good reflexes are essential for this discipline. Patience is also required to achieve a perfect mastery of the figures. No figure is impossible, and every year the repertoire of figures grows. As for the equipment, the bicycle must have a hub with back-pedaling at the rear, 4 pegs fixed on the axles of the wheels and a rotor at the steering sleeve to allow rotation of the free handlebar, without tangling the Brake linings. The pilot has to be equipped with shin guards to avoid so-called crank returns and thus to injure the shins with the “wolf traps” type pedals. The flat is probably the most complicated but the least dangerous of all BMX disciplines. As for the equipment, the bicycle must have a hub with back-pedaling at the rear, 4 pegs fixed on the axles of the wheels and a rotor at the steering sleeve to allow rotation of the free handlebar, without tangling the Brake linings. The pilot has to be equipped with shin guards to avoid so-called crank returns and thus to injure the shins with the “wolf traps” type pedals. The flat is probably the most complicated but the least dangerous of all BMX disciplines. As for the equipment, the bicycle must have a hub with back-pedaling at the rear, 4 pegs fixed on the axles of the wheels and a rotor at the steering sleeve to allow rotation of the free handlebar, without tangling the Brake linings. The pilot has to be equipped with shin guards to avoid so-called crank returns and thus to injure the shins with the “wolf traps” type pedals. The flat is probably the most complicated but the least dangerous of all BMX disciplines. The pilot has to be equipped with shin guards to avoid so-called crank returns and thus to injure the shins with the “wolf traps” type pedals. The flat is probably the most complicated but the least dangerous of all BMX disciplines. The pilot has to be equipped with shin guards to avoid so-called crank returns and thus to injure the shins with the “wolf traps” type pedals. The flat is probably the most complicated but the least dangerous of all BMX disciplines.

The Ramp

This discipline of the BMX consists of evolving on half-pipe (half-tubes) in the manner of the skaters. A ramp measures from 3 m 10 to 3 m 90 in height, the radii of curves can vary, making the ramp more or less difficult. The pilots chained the aerial figures and defied the rules of gravity more and more by passing figures ever more stunning. A repertory of figure very quickly constituted with names more evocative than the other: 540 °, 360 manual, Back Flip and Flair … In France, this discipline is the least practiced. This discipline is indeed very dangerous. In addition, half-pipe modules are not legion in our territory and practitioners must share them with skaters and roller skaters as well. The practitioner must wear a full-face helmet and protections at the elbows and knees. Good morale is needed to get into the slope. Patience is also an important quality insofar as time is needed before perfectly passing a figure. The bike must also be robust and in perfect mechanical condition. In view of the figures made, regular checking of the clamping does not appear to be superfluous.

The Street

The Street came shortly after the Dirt. This is the appropriation of the urban area by the practitioners. The street furniture, the street, the stairs and their guardrails are supports of the activity, from the name comes Street. All figures are allowed. The practitioner’s equipment is made up of classical protections. The bike: powerful brakes, a solid frame and quite long.

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